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Everything About Bats and How to Eliminate them From your Home or Business

Bats

Chiroptera

How do you get rid of Bats

Bat removal can be a lengthy and costly process if you do not do research and proper elimination and prevention measures are not taken and used correctly. People often will waste time and money trying to get rid of bats by using companies that are inexperienced

Call Addison for proper treatment; we will come and inspect the home and assess the situation particular to each home.

Bats are very efficient and smart mammals and can enter through several entry points as small as a ¾ inch hole in your home. When Bats enter your home, they are looking for a place to roost for the summer months. Some of our methods of getting rid of bats include sealing holes of entry points, installing and using one-way exclusion door so bats can leave home and not re-enter.

It’s critical to hire a professional to assist the landowner with the removal of bats. Bats can carry disease including rabies and some species are endangered and need relocation has standards and guidelines. 

How to identify Bats

Big Brown Bat

The most common bat found in the Toronto areas is the big brown bat. The Brown Bat is 4-5 in (10-12 cm) in length, with an 11-13 in (27-33 cm) wingspan. The Brown Bat weighs 14-16g, and their fur is long and shiny brown, their ears, feet and face are blackish in colour.

Little Brown Bat

The Little Brown Bat is the most common bat found in North America. The Little Brown Bat is glossy and dark brown in colour with a lighter coloured belly. The Little Brown Bat wingspan is 8.5 -11 in (21-28 cm), measuring 2.5 – 4 inches (6-10 cm) in length the Little Brown Bat is a species at risk. Known as White Nose Syndrome (WNS), it is a fungal growth affecting the muzzle and wings of bats; responsible for 6 million deaths since 2012.

Eastern Red Bat

The Eastern Red Bat is rusty red in colour, and its fur is soft and silky, the hairs are white on end giving is a frosted appearance. The Eastern Red Bat has a lighter coloured underbelly with white patches on its shoulders. The wingspan of this bat is 11-12.5 inches (29-33 cm), and measures 3.5 – 4.5 inches (8-12 cm) in length and weighing 7- 16g.

Hoary Bat

The Hoary Bat measures 5-6 inches (12-14 cm) long with a wingspan of 15.5 inches (39 cm). Their hair is dark brown with silver frosting on the back of the bat. The Hoary bat weighing around 26g prefers living in trees and highly wooded areas.

Signs of a Bat Infestation

During the day bats can be found in roosting in hollows of trees, in crevices of rocks and human-made structures including attics, older buildings, window shutters and barns.

If a bat is sick or injured, you may see it flying erratically during the day or crawling on the ground, use extra caution if you come across a bat in this state it can be sick or injured.

Significant amounts of droppings near the entrance of the infestation, droppings are the size of mouse droppings and vary depending on the scale of the bat, unlike mice bat droppings will be found in a pile, this is one sign of infestation.

Where did they come from / how did I get them?

In the spring female Bats gather together in nursery colonies, males separate themselves at this point into groups of 2 -20. During the spring and summer months, bats roost during the day and then come out at dusk to feed. The spend the winter months hibernating with their young and the summer months feeding at night and sleeping in your attic during the day.

What do Bats eat?

Bats are particularly good hunters, and despite popular belief, bats are not blind. All bats use echolocation, to track and eat each other as well as their prey. Bats are hugely beneficial for the ecosystem eating many kinds of insects including moths, wasps, beetles, gnats, mosquito, midge and mayflies. Bats feed in groups creating a wall; this is for efficiency so bats can catch as much prey as possible. 

How Serious are Bats?

Not all bats have rabies, but they do carry the disease, if you come into contact with a bat, Especially a bat acting unusual and you receive a bite contact a medical provider they will treat you for rabies. For more questions regarding bats and the risks of disease and what to do if you have come into contact with a bat or are concerned about your health and safety.  

How can I tell if a Bat has rabies?

Bats are nocturnal, so if you see them during the day, it’s a sign something may be wrong. One sign that bat may have rabies if they have trouble flying or you can see them flying erratically. If a bat is found crawling on the ground, it could be sick or injured. If bats come into contact with your pets contact your local health provider and they can help you. 

Rabies Prevention

Do not ever handle bats, but if you need to make sure to wear protective gloves and clothing and use tongs or forceps. Make sure children and pets do not come into contact with bats. In 2016 there were 288 reported cases of rabies confirmed in Ontario for all wildlife.

For more information, please Contact Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre at 1 866 673 4781 or Natural Resources Information Centre at 1 800 667 1940 to report bat deaths.

How Addison Can Help Eliminate Bats

The correct way to get rid of bats in your home is hiring a specialist such as Addison to help eliminate bats in your home.

Addison Bat elimination process

Inspect the structure during the day and find all holes and entry points

Examine the structure at dusk; this is when bats are active and can we can observe their activity and the most efficient approach to determining numbers in the roost, as well as access to the attic where bats usually roost.

Bat proofing your home; Seal up gaps, holes, cracks and crevices but remember to leave the entrance/exit hole for the bat open.

Install one-way exclusion devices; this allows bats to leave your attic or structure safety, without having them return to their roost.

Once bats have left your home, all remaining holes must be sealed, so reentry is not an option

As a last resort, a landowner can humanely trap/kill bats that are invading or damaging your property, IF the owner has come to an agreement with the ministry.

Call Addison at 416-628-6963, and we can you help humanely remove bats.

How Addison can help Prevent Bat Infestations in the Future

Bats can fit through a hole as small as a ¾ inch, making sure that all holes are sealed in and around your attic, eavestrough, siding, chimneys, pipes that penetrate ceilings or walls, and between shingles. Try creating a disturbance in your attic by using bright lights or music. Make sure not to trap bats inside your structure this is cruel and can create severe odour and health problems.

If you have more questions regarding construction concerns and the effects of a bat roosting in your home – Addison will provide you with answers and can help with our services.

More resources

Canadian Cooperative Wildlife Health Centre @ 1 866 673 4781

Natural Resources Information Centre @ 1 800 667 1940 to report Bat deaths.

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