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Everything About Fruit Flies and How to Eliminate them From your
Home or Business

Name Fruit Fly
Latin Name Drosophila melanogaster
Nicknames/common names Pomace Fly, Vinegar Fly

How do you get rid of Fruit Flies?
Professional methods
Physical control measures must be put into place, repair screens, locate and remove harbourages and other food sources. If the breeding material being used by your Fruit Fly population isn’t found and removed, flies will continue to reproduce. Baits, traps and insecticides may also be required if physical control measures do not suffice. Contact Addison Pest Control to schedule an inspection by a licensed Technician who will identify your pest species and tailor an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program specific to your pest population.

How to identify Fruit Flies
Appearance
Adult Fruit Flies are yellow, tan to black with red eyes and range from 2-4 mm in length. Their tapered, cream-coloured larvae measure up to 5 mm in length with a tail-end, stalk-like breathing tube. The larvae are eyeless and blind.

Life cycle/stages & anatomy
Fruit Flies undergo a complete metamorphosis; eggs, larvae and pupae are all found on, or just below the surface of a decaying medium. Adult Fruit Flies will frequently puncture the skins of overripe produce, feed and lay eggs below the skin of the fruit. Fruit Flies may emerge from the breeding material as reproductive adults within just one week in ideal temperatures. With sperm measuring about 35 times longer than that of human males, male fruit flies enact what is known as traumatic insemination; the female abdomen is punctured, and toxic sperm is driven into its body. Toxic semen alters the female’s behaviour, both making her unlikely to mate again and greatly reducing her lifespan. From this single insemination, the adult female can lay around 100 eggs a day, typically around 500 in a lifetime.

Signs of a Fruit Fly Infestation
As with all domestic flies, the presence of adults is usually the only visible indicator of a Fruit Fly infestation. A consistent source of food and ongoing presence of an appropriate breeding material can catalyze an exploding pest population of several thousand Fruit Flies within just a few short weeks.

Where did they come from / how did I get them?
Fruit flies are a common nuisance pest typically found in residential and commercial kitchens, fruit processing plants, fruit markets and wineries. Serious infestations of fruit flies develop when spilt liquid has not been cleaned up, when fruit and sugary organic matter is left to decay on countertops, in garbage cans and compost bins. Fruit flies breed rapidly in decaying vegetables, fermenting fruit, beer, wine, vinegar or cider. An improperly rinsed mop may also act as a breeding site. Composters to close to a doorway may allow breeding flies to enter the structure. Eggs are laid in over-ripe fruit, and the larvae feed on the yeasts present in the fermenting process; all that is needed is a moist film of fermenting material, from juice spilt under the fridge to a bowl of overripe fruit on your kitchen’s island counter.

What do Fruit Flies eat?
Fruit Flies, as indicated by their name, consume fermenting fruit, other sugary substances found in spilt alcohol in addition to any other accessible decaying materials. They are prone to eating mushrooms and other fungi, also frequently opting for the slime found clogged drains.

How Serious are Fruit Flies?
Although they do not bite and are typically understood to be a harmless, nuisance pest, like all domestic flies Fruit Flies breed and feed in and on unsanitary, decaying materials, often carrying pathogenic material to human food and on the surfaces that it is prepared.

How Addison Can Help Eliminate Fruit Flies
A successful extermination of Fruit Flies depends on the removal the harbourage material. Beyond removing and locating breeding material lavender, basil, bay leaves, mint, marigold, wormwood, and rue all function as natural repellents and can be incorporated into DIY fly control systems. Clove, milk, sugar, pepper, cider and vinegar traps may act as temporary solutions for killing adult flies. Since they are attracted to light, fan based baited traps with visible and ultraviolet light can also be used to kill adults. When home remedies fail to correct your domestic fly infestation, contact Addison Pest Control.

How Addison can help Prevent Fruit Fly Infestations in the Future
In order to avoid pesky Fruit Fly populations from developing in and around your home, it is imperative to appropriately dispose of all rotting organic matter, to keep food covered, set up traps and keep your kitchen and bathroom clean and dry. Keeping your property free of potential breeding sites is the most effective preventative measure against all domestic flies. Drains must be kept clear of slime, to this end you may consider scheduling a sewage system inspection by a local plumber.

Additional Information
Fruit flies are cheaply bred in sanitary lab environments and are now frequently used in the study of human genetics and disease contraction; they have even been sent into space.

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