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Everything About Mosquitos and How to Eliminate them From your Home or Business

Mosquito

Culicidae

Skeeter, Bloodsucker, Stinger, Dive Bomber, Moskeet

How do you get rid of Mosquitos?

Common breeding grounds for mosquitoes are standing water, so reducing areas where you find still water can help monitor and reduce infestation. Remove buckets, old potted plants that are not longer in use, clear clogged gutters, and try replacing leaky faucets in outdoor areas. Changing water in bird baths will also help reduce breeding grounds, it is recommended you do this every four days. 

How to identify Mosquitos

Mosquitos are small, midge-like flies that classify as a parasite that lives on the outside of the host. They have cylinder tube-like mouthparts that pierce the skin of their host and consume blood, they release saliva into the wound causing the wound to clot, and then they begin to feed. They use sugar from nectar for energy, which they gather from flowers, and they need blood for a source of protein for egg development.

Mosquitos are also a concern due to the threat of disease; they carry both illness and virus which can be transmitted from insect to host. The most common virus that mosquitos in Canada carry is West Nile Virus, although we believe that some mosquitoes may be vectors for other viruses as well.

The length of the adult is typically between 3mm and 6mm, the smallest measuring 2 mm and the largest measuring 19 mm. Mosquitoes have slim bodies with long legs and three segments: a head, a thorax, and abdomen.

Signs of a Mosquitos  Infestation

Before and during feeding, the female will inject saliva into the small wound where they will feed. The mosquito’s saliva acts as an anticoagulant and helps with the blood clotting. The reaction which is usually seen on most hosts causing skin irritation is a swollen area around. There are several reasons that mosquitoes may seek out individual hosts, one being carbon dioxide which is why heavy breathers will often be more susceptible. Other attractions are type O blood, people with a lot of skin bacteria, body heat, body sweat and individual body odours.
Where did they come from / how did I get them?

Common breeding grounds for mosquitoes are standing water, so reducing areas where you find still water can help monitor and reduce infestation. Remove buckets, old potted plants that are not longer in use, clear clogged gutters, and try replacing leaky faucets in outdoor areas. Changing water in bird baths will also help reduce breeding grounds, it is recommended you do this every four days.

There are topical insect repellents that can be applied to the skin to reduce and give short-term protection against irritation. DEET is sometimes used to repel mosquitoes but should not come into contact with the person, only on clothing where it cannot touch the skin.

What do Mosquitos eat?

People

How Serious are Mosquitos?

Mosquitos are also a concern due to the threat of disease; they carry both illness and virus which can be transmitted from insect to host. The most common virus that mosquitos in Canada carry is West Nile Virus, although we believe that some mosquitoes may be vectors for other viruses as well.

DENGUE FEVER

Dengue Fever is a common infection and found in travelers coming from Caribbean, Central America, South America and South Central Asia. The Dengue Fever transferred by the bite of an infected mosquito with the virus to a human. It can spread from person to person; symptoms include: Sudden high fever, severe headaches, pain behind eyes, joint and muscle pains, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, skin rash (which appears 2-5 days later), mild bleeding (nosebleeds, bleeding gums)

People with slightly weaker immune systems are more susceptible to dengue hemorrhagic fever, which and lead to enlargement of the liver and circulatory system failure.

WEST NILE VIRUS

Toronto and Southern Ontario highest concentration of West Nile in Canada. People who are at high risk are adults over the age of 50 with chronic disease i.e. cancer, diabetes, alcoholism & heart disease. The time to be most aware of infection would be dawn and dusk from mid-April to Sept/Oct (first frost).

Mild symptoms: fever, headache, body aches, rash, swollen lymph glands. Acute symptoms: rapid onset of a severe headache, high fever, stiff neck, nausea/vomiting, difficulty swallowing, drowsiness, confusion. Additional severe symptoms: loss of consciousness, lack of coordination, muscle weakness, and paralysis.

ZIKA VIRUS

A concern for women who are looking to become pregnant because she can pass it to her fetus and this can lead to certain congenital disabilities. Other ways of transmitting the disease are through sex and blood transfusions. Most will not have symptoms, but if they do, they consist of fever, rash, joint pain, red eyes, muscle pain, headache. The best way to prevent against Zika is to prevent against mosquito bites there is no vaccine or medication.

Many mosquito bites will go unnoticed until they have left, and you are often only left with some of the symptoms or reactions to the bite, some of them are as follows:

  • A puffy bump where the mosquito has drawn blood, It will appear lighter in color with a red dot in the centre.
  • Hard reddish bumps that can show up a day later
  • Dark spots that look like bruises
  • Small blisters
  • Swelling around the bite area

Try applying a cold compress in affected areas to seek to reduce swelling, some homemade remedies that have been known to help is a paste made from baking soda and water. Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen can be used to reduce symptoms.

How Addison Can Help Eliminate Mosquitos

Mention Addison’s free quote/consultation service.

Home remedies / organic and natural cures – also why these may not work as well as our methods.

How Addison can help Prevent Mosquito Infestations in the Future

Common breeding grounds for mosquitoes are standing water, so reducing areas where you find still water can contribute to monitor and reduce infestation. Remove buckets, old potted plants that are not longer in use, clear clogged gutters, and try replacing leaky faucets in outdoor areas. Changing water in bird baths will also help reduce breeding grounds, it is recommended you do this every four days.

Additional Information

There are four stages of a mosquito life cycle; egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The first three stages (egg, larva, pupa) are primarily aquatic; these stages typically last 5 to 14 days. The female will lay anywhere from 100 – 200 eggs, always in stagnant water, some lay eggs near the water’s edge, lakes, temporary puddles, marshes, or rain water accumulated in the holes of tree trunks. Mosquitoes that live in regions where freezing occurs will delay their development, typically for months. Larvae will freeze into solid clumps of ice during the and complete their life cycle in the spring. Males live for 5-7 days feeding on nectar while females will find a full meal of blood and rest for a few days (3-5) for the development stage of the eggs. Once the eggs are fully developing, the female will lay the eggs and resume seeking another host. They will repeat this life cycle until they die, their life span depends on temperature, humidity and their ability to find blood for reproduction.

 

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